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Research and development activity types

There are four types of Research and Development activity types as defined in the Australian Standard Research Classification:

Pure basic research

  • Experimental and theoretical work undertaken to acquire new knowledge without looking for long term benefits other than the advancement of knowledge.

Strategic basic research

  • Experimental and theoretical work undertaken to acquire new knowledge directed into specified broad areas in the expectation of useful discoveries. It provides the broad base of knowledge necessary for the solution of recognised practical problems.

Applied research

  • Original work that has been undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge with a specific application in view. It is undertaken either to determine possible uses for the findings of basic research or to determine new ways of achieving some specific and predetermined objectives.

Experimental development

  • Systematic work, using existing knowledge gained from research or practical experience for the purpose of creating new or improved products/processes.