Basic life support

Remember: DRSABCD - In an emergency, any CPR is better than no CPR at all.

check for responsecheck for responsecall for helpopen airwaycheck for breathingstart cprattach aed




 check around for danger

D - Check for Danger

To yourself, to others and to the injured person.


check for response

R - Check for Response

Ask the injured person's name, gently squeeze their shoulders, ask them to squeeze your hands.

No response - send for help - call 000 or ask someone to do it for you.

Response - make the injured person comfortable, monitor their breathing, check for other injuries. Do not leave the injured person alone.

 call for help

S - Send or call for help

Call 000 for an ambulance or ask another person to do it for you if they are close by.

check airway clear

A - Open Airway (check for anything blocking the throat or stopping the person breathing)

If nothing blocking the airway - leave them on their back, open their airway by tilting their head back.

If something blocking the airway - place them in the recovery position on their side, open their mouth, clear the blockage with your fingers, open the airway by tilting their head back.

Check for breathingB - Check for Breathing

Look, listen and feel for breathing

Not breathing normally - start CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation).

Breathing normally - place the person in the recovery position on their side with their airway open and head tilted back. Monitor their breathing.

start cpr

C - Start CPR - give 30 chest compressions followed by two breaths.

Continue CPR (30:2) until medical help arrives, the injured person recovers or you are physically unable to continue..


attach defibrillator

D - Apply Defibrillator (if available) as soon as possible.

Turn on the machine. Follow defibrillator's voice prompts - once defibrillator applied to injured person, do not remove until instructed to do so by medical personnel.



NOTE: The information above is current as of August 2015 and has been kindly adapted with permission from the Australian Red Cross. The information on this web page does not replace first aid training. The Australian Red Cross recommends that everyone is trained in first aid.