Fire (urban)

If there is smoke in the room or building you are in, remember to get down low to the ground where visibility may be better and the air is cooler and cleaner. Move as quickly as possible to an exit.

Touch any door with the back of your hand before opening it. If it is hot, chances are there is fire behind it.

Fire in a facility on campus

Raise the alarm - call 000, break the glass alarm, alert others or call Security on 1800 646 501.

Raise the fire alarm if not already sounding, using a break glass alarm panel or by shouting ‘Fire, Fire, Fire’ if a panel is not available. The building fire alarm system automatically notifies Fire and Rescue Services and Security (who then notify other emergency personnel.

If you can, phone Security on 1800 646 501 - Give your name, building, level, room number, type and extent of the fire/smoke and inform your supervisor/lecturer or nearest Warden, if safe to do so.

During a fire, you should:

  • If safe to do so, ensure the immediate safety of anyone within the vicinity of the fire - assist others to evacuate
  • Fight or contain the fire - if safe and trained to do so
  • Evacuate via the nearest safe exit and go to the nearest safe assembly area
  • Follow all instructions from staff/emergency services

Evacuation from fire

  • Evacuate the building as and if instructed to do so by a Warden. If at any time you feel your life to be in imminent danger you should alert others in the area and evacuate to a safe area.
  • Walk quickly and calmly to the nearest safe assembly area.
  • Close doors and windows as you exit – do not lock doors, and leave lights on.
  • Do not use the lifts.
  • Remain in the assembly area in groups until instructed to leave by a Warden or emergency services.
  • Do not re-enter the building until informed that it is safe to do so by the Wardens or emergency services personnel.

Fighting or containing a fire

If safe to do so, or if trained in the use of fire equipment, attempt to extinguish the fire.

Fire blankets and extinguishers can be used to put out small fires but always call 000 in the case of an emergency.

Fire safety

  • If the fire is small, use a fire blanket to smother it or an extinguisher.
  • If cooking oil catches fire, put the lid on the pan or use a fire blanket to smother the fire, then turn off the burner. Do not attempt to carry the pan outside.
  • Never throw water on burning oil as it will spread the fire and can splash back causing burns.
  • Never throw water on an electrical fire as you could be electrocuted.
  • Turn off or unplug electrical appliances if they catch on fire - as soon as it is safe to do so.
  • In house fires remember to crawl low to the floor and toward the nearest exit. If you need to smash a window to get out, protect your hand with a doona or blanket.
  • If your clothing catches fire "Stop, Drop, Cover your face and Roll". Keep rolling until all flames are extinguished. To help someone else, throw a woollen or fire blanket over them to extinguish the flames.

    stop-drop-roll

  • Ensure that your garden hoses reach all areas of your home and yard in the event of a fire.
  • Plan and practice a home escape plan to ensure that all occupants, including children and the elderly, know what to do in the event of a fire.
  • Check doors for heat before opening - use the back of your hand to check for heat. Close doors behind you if possible. If the door is hot use another exit.
  • Never go back inside for any reason.

Source: adapted from Metropolitan Fire Brigade VIC - Home Safety.

Know your fire extinguisher

This guide was reproduced by permission of Fire Protection Association Australia - www.fpaa.com.au

Immediate first aid treatment for burns

  1. Cool the burn under cool, running water for at least 20 minutes. Cooling the burn will reduce pain, swelling and the risk of scarring. The sooner and longer running water is applied to a burn, the less damage the burn will do.
  2. If the burn requires further medical care, loosely cover the burn with plastic wrap or a clean plastic bag. otherwise it does not need plastic covering. This helps prevent infection by keeping the area clean. It is an ideal covering because it doesn't stick to the burn and may reduce pain by keeping air from the skin's surface.
  3. If necessary call 000 or get someone else nearby to do it.

Always call 000 if:

  •  a child has been burned
  •  the burn blisters
  •  the burn affects more than one area of the body
  •  the burn covers hands, feet, joints or face, or
  •  underlying tissues are visible.

Source: Australian Red Cross First Aid.

Further information