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Presenter:  Andre Siregar

Date: Dec 18, 2017

Time: 2:00pm to 3:00pm

Contact person:  LEBA Research
T: 08 8946 6156

Location:  Moot Court, School of Law, Building Yellow 1.3.48

“Striving for Equilibrium: Indonesian Prospects for realising its strategic Global Maritime Fulcrum in its eastern archipelagos”

Abstract: This thesis examines Indonesia’s prospects for giving effect to President Joko Widodo’s ambition as declared during his 2014 election campaign to establish a Global Maritime Fulcrum (GMF) that asserts Indonesia’s maritime security as an archipelagic nation while at the same time takes advantage of its unique position as an Indo-Pacific crossroads nation.
The thesis also examines certain external forces and influences which have both the potential and likelihood of impacting both positively and negatively on the introduction and management of the GMF. External forces and influences include the role of major countries bordering Indonesia or trying to influence Indonesian maritime policy such the United States, China, and Australia and also the influence of regional maritime agenda  from forums such as ASEAN, the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), Indian Ocean Regional Organization (IORA), Brunei Darussalam Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Economic ASEAN Growth Area (BIMP-EAGA).
Particular attention is given to the challenge facing Indonesia in balancing the intersection of the GMF in eastern Indonesia trade routes with China’s “One-Belt/One Road Strategy toward global trade domination, one the one hand, with Indonesia’s commitment to developing closer maritime security collaboration and enhanced trade and investment with Australia on the other hand.
President Jokowi’s vision of the GMF not only reflects domestic political aspirations, but also espouses a foreign and security policy view of Indonesia that is geographically located in the centre of the Indo-Pacific hemisphere, with the north-south and east-west axes intersecting in eastern Indonesia waters.
The GMF has received popular support nationally, but has also received major criticism over the lack of detail on how the vision will be given effect. Despite a significant upgrade in 2017, the GMF still only provides a skeletal structure and brief vital components. Ministries, state institutions, and local governments will need to develop plans at the technical and operational level based on this vision and corresponding supporting regulation that is only broadly defined.
The thesis provides some guidelines and proposals on how some of the lacunae might be addressed, and some selective strategies for moving forward.

Bio: Andre Siregar is a diplomat with the Republic of Indonesia Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and is currently the Indonesian Consul to Darwin Northern Territory. He conducted his undergraduate studies (Bachelor of Arts majoring in Economics) at Victoria University Wellington, NZ and his postgraduate studies (Master of Diplomacy and Trade) at Monash University.. He has a special interest in researching the policy review for implementing Indonesia’s GMF in an age where Asia’s growth will influence global and regional development and thus impact on the course of implementing the GMF.