Research Reports and Working Papers

The Northern Institute seeks opportunities to develop cooperative projects with external entities through externally funded projects.

A primary purpose of externally funded projects is to produce results to improve the wellbeing of our society. To maximise the benefits from this research, publications resulting from research activities should be disseminated as broadly as possible to allow access by other researchers and the wider community.

Below is a selection of our recent research activities.

If you wish to disseminate the reports further, please adhere to the individual reports copyright and acknowledgment protocols.


Northern Institute Working Papers

ISSN: 2207-3388


Issue No

Contact Person


The shelf life of sub-national population forecasts, from Australia to Englan 03/2018

Dr Tom Wilson

pdf (1.26MB)
Estimates of Australia’s non-heterosexual population 02/2018

Dr Tom Wilson

pdf (1.26MB)
German born residents in the Northern Territory – why are they ‘sticky’? 01/2018

Anita Maertens

pdf (1.26MB)
The size and growth of the Northern Territory’s Gambling Industry 03/2017

Tony Barnes

pdf (1.26MB)
Indigenous Languages, Culture and Knowledge Services Workforce: Business Opportunities in an Emergent NT Services Economy 02/2017

Michaela Spencer

pdf (1MB)
Heading north, staying north? The increasing importance of international migrants to northern and remote Australia 01/2017

Andrew Taylor

pdf (1.26MB)
Northern Territory population futures 01/2016

Tom Wilson

pdf (823KB)

Northern Institute Research Reports



New Population Statistics for March 2018Territory Population Update - New Population Statistics for March 2018
Population figures published by the Australian Bureau of Statistics on 20th September 2018 show that the total Estimated Resident Population of the Northern Territory stood at 246,688 at the end of March 2018. This is an increase of 306 people over one year earlier and represents a growth rate of 0.1%. The population of 246,688 gives the Territory just under a 1.0% share of the national population of 24,899,077.
The graph below illustrates how the Territory’s population has changed over recent years. Following strong increases to the middle of 2013, population growth has been modest in subsequent years. Over the quarter 1st January - 31st March 2018 population declined by an estimated 183 people.
The bar chart below shows how the Territory’s population growth rate over the year ending 31st March 2018 compares with that of the other States and Territories and Australia as a whole. The Territory’s population growth rate of 0.1% is the lowest of all jurisdictions, followed by South Australia at 0.7%. Victoria experienced the highest growth rate (2.2%).

pdf (1.98MB)

Remote Engagement Coordination – Indigenous Evaluation Research (REC-IER) project Territory Population Update - New IndigenousPopulation Statisticsfor 2016
Revised estimates of the population of the Northern Territory in 2016 by Indigenous status, along with regional and local estimates, were published by the Australian Bureau of Statistics on 31st August 2018. Detailed statistics are available in the ABS publication Estimates of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. This brief summarises a few key points.
As of 30th June 2016 the Indigenous population of the Territory was estimated to be 74,546, representing 30.3% of the Territory’s total population. The Indigenous population has grown by 5,696 (or 8.3%) since 2011; the non-Indigenous population grew by 8,690 (or 5.3%) over the same period. The graph below shows the size of the Territory’s Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations in 2011 and 2016.
The Indigenous population of Australia as a whole in 2016 was estimated to be 798,365. The Territory therefore is home to 9.3% of Australia’s Indigenous peoples.

pdf (1.98MB)

Remote Engagement Coordination – Indigenous Evaluation Research (REC-IER) project Profiling capacity to support older people in remote communities to age in place
Two key objectives underpin the Commonwealth government’s funding system for remote Indigenous communities. The first is to make the funding system more flexible and stable, to ensure that delivery of services in small communities is cost effective and sustainable. The second is to enable the funding to be used in the development of culturally appropriate support for older people, shaped by customary values and practices. The purpose of our investigation was to examine against these objectives, the practical reality of delivering support for ageing in remote Indigenous communities in central Australia. In short, our study questions were: In the light of the current funding arrangements, what forms of service delivery for older people ageing in remote communities, have been developed? What are some of the key achievements and challenges in supporting ageing in place in remote Indigenous communities?

pdf (1.98MB)

Remote Engagement Coordination – Indigenous Evaluation Research (REC-IER) project Synthesising Northern Territory Population Research: A report to the Northern Territory Department of the Chief Minister
In September 2017, the Northern Territory Department of the Chief Minister contracted the Demography and Growth Planning research team at Charles Darwin University to synthesise twelve years of research on the causes and consequences of population change in the Territory and advise on strategies for stimulating population growth. Each of the eight chapters in this report commences with a short summary of the chapter’s purpose, its core messages and recommended actions.

pdf (1.98MB)

Remote Engagement Coordination – Indigenous Evaluation Research (REC-IER) project Remote Engagement Coordination - Indigenous Evaluation Research (REC-IER)
The Remote Engagement Coordination – Indigenous Evaluation Research (REC-IER) project was funded through the NTG Department of Housing and Community Development. The aim of the research was to develop community specific strategies for evaluating the engagement and coordination performance of government in the four project locations – Galiwin’ku, Ngukurr, Ntaria and Ali Curung

pdf (1.98MB)

report-cover Ageing in Remote Places Safeguarding resilience of older people in a remote NT community
This brief reports on an exploration of the experience of ageing in a remote community within the Northern Territory. It aims to deepen current understanding of what determines resilience for individuals and communities of seniors who choose to grow old in small, isolated communities outside of main urban centres.

pdf (774KB)

report-cover Five years on from the Inquiry: Caring for older Australians, what is the viability of ageing in remote places, in Australia?
This report, five years on, compares the recommendations of the Inquiry with the perceptions and experiences of older people living in one remote community in the Northern Territory (NT).

pdf (774KB)

red-cross-coverDisaster Resilience, Management and Preparedness in Aboriginal Communities in Darwin and Palmerston
The aim of this project was to explore the experiences of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in Darwin when a cyclone, bushfire or severe weather event strikes and in its aftermath, and to identify determinants of vulnerability from the perspective of these communities. 

Stage 1 pdf (1.84MB)

Stage 2 pdf (1.78MB)

safe-streets-coverNorthern Territory Safe Streets Audit
The purpose of the Safe Streets Audit was to examine crime and safety issues in the Northern Territory urban communities of Darwin, Katherine and Alice Springs and to help inform effective strategies to reduce the actual and perceived risk of victimisatio

pdf (3.79MB)

igldp-coverIndigenous Governance and Leadership Development Project
The goals of this program were to improve understanding of the contemporary functioning and interactions of Aboriginal and Western governance traditions, and grow capacities and understandings in governance and leadership in remote communities.

pdf (6.82MB)

teaching-from-country-coverTeaching from Country: Increasing the participation of Indigenous Knowledge Holders in Tertiary Teaching through the use of emerging Digital Technologies
This project developed, implemented, evaluated and reported upon systems for the properly supervised inclusion and active participation ‘from country’ of Indigenous knowledge authorities, in Australian higher education courses, through the use of emerging digital technologies.

pdf (2.97MB)

Helping & caringHelping & caring, not only our family: Northern Territory Indigenous Perspectives on Volunteering
The aim of this research was to investigate Aboriginal perspectives on volunteering, and to explore processes and practices through which non-government organisations and service providers might support Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander volunteers.

pdf (1.42MB)