M. Veronica Toral-Granda

M.Sc (Conservational Biology), B.Sc (Hons)

PhD Candidate

Veronica was born in Cuenca, Ecuador and moved to the Galapagos Islands in 1995. She was as a marine biologist in her previous life with sea cucumbers (trepang or beche-de-mer) as her main area of expertise. She worked on sea cucumber biology and their management both locally and internationally (with FAO and CITES). She has also been part of incredible research groups working on marine protected area design and management, ecotourism, biosecurity and terrestrial and marine invasive species. 

Being in Galapagos for all those years made Veronica realise the two biggest threats to the Island's wellbeing (human growth and invasive species) needed to be tackled together. So she decided to evaluate how humans (and our goods and services) are vectors to introduced species. Her thesis aims to use data gathered from the Directorate of the Galapagos National Park, the Biosecurity and Quarantine Agency for the Galapagos Islands, the Ecuadorian Ministry of Tourism, amongst others, to evaluate the link between our mobility to, from and within the Island with the probability of the arrival and dispersal of introduced species in the Galapagos National Park. Eventually, the results will inform local and national decision makers to help them manage human movement flows within the Islands in order to help keeping Galapagos as one of nature's wonders. 

PhD Project Title

Human mobility and the arrival and dispersal of alien species on the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador

Research Interests

  • Alien species and biosecurity
  • Human mobility
  • Livelihood fisheries
  • Marine ecology and fisheries
  • Marine Protected Areas 

Supervisors

Professor Stephen Garnett, Principal (Research Institute for the Environment and Livelihoods, RIEL)
Dr Kerstin Zander (Northern Institute)
Dr Rohan Fisher (RIEL)
Dr Amanda Trueman (RIEL)

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Publications & Resources

Books

Ramírez, J., Castrejón, M., & Toral-Granda, M.V. (2012). Mejorando la pesquería de langosta espinosa en la Reserva Marina de Galápagos. WWF Ecuador. Quito, Ecuador. 275 pp.

Echeverria, H., Quiroga, D., Mena, C., Anda, A., & Toral-Granda, M.V. (2011). Manual de aplicación del derecho penal ambiental como instrumento de protección de las áreas naturales de Galápagos. Sea Shepherd Conservation Society-WWF-Galápagos Academic Institute for the Arts and Sciences de la Universidad San Francisco de Quito. Quito. 168 pp. 

Toral-Granda, M.V., Cayot, L.J., & Marin, A. (eds). (2010). Informe Galápagos 2009-2010 and Galápagos Report 2009-2010. Charles Darwin Foundation-Galápagos Nacional Park-Instituto Nacional Galápagos. Puerto Ayora, Galápagos. 191 pp.

Toral-Granda, M.V., & Cayot, L.J. (eds). (2008). Informe Galápagos 2007-2008 and Galápagos Report 2007-2008. Charles Darwin Foundation-Galápagos Nacional Park-Instituto Nacional Galápagos. Puerto Ayora, Galápagos. 158 pp. http://www.darwinfoundation.org/es/library/pubs#research

Toral-Granda, M.V., Lovatelli, A., & Vasconcellos, M. (eds). (2008). Sea cucumbers. A global review on fisheries and trade. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper. No. 516. Rome, FAO. 317p. http://www.fao.org/docrep/011/i0375e/i0375e00.htm 

Journal Articles

Zander, K.K., Saeteros, A., Orellana, D., Toral-Granda, V., Wegner, A., Izurieta, A., & Garnett, S.T. (2016). Determinants of tourist satisfaction with national park guides and facilities in the Galápagos. International Journal of Tourism Sciences, 16(1-2), 60-82.

Purcell, S.W., Mercier, A., Conand, C., Hamel, J-F., Toral-Granda, V., Lovatelli, A., & Uthicke, S. (2013) Sea cucumber fisheries: global review of stock status, management measures and drivers of overfishing. Fish Fish, 14, 34–59. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-2979.2011.00443.x.

Toral-Granda, M.V., & Martinez, P.C. (2007). Reproductive biology and population structure of the sea cucumber Isostichopus fuscus (Ludwig, 1875) (Holothuroidea) in Caamaño, Galápagos Islands, Ecuador. Marine Biology, 151, 2091-2098.

Hearn, A., Toral-Granda, M.V., Martinez, C., & Reck, G.K. (2007). Biology and fishery of the Galápagos slipper lobster. In: E Spanier & K Lavalli (eds.) The biology and fisheries of the slipper lobster. Crustacean Issues, 17, 287–308.

Baine, M., Howard, H., Kerr, S., Edgar, G., & Toral-Granda, M.V. (2007). Coastal and marine resource management in the Galapagos Islands and the Archipelago of San Andres: Issues, problems and opportunities. Ocean & Coastal Management, 50, 148–173.

Hearn, A., & Toral-Granda, M.V. (2007). Reproductive biology of the red spiny lobster, Panulirus penicillatus and the Galapagos slipper lobster, Scyllarides astori in the Galapagos islands. Crustaceana, 80(3), 297-312.

Hearn, A., Martínez, P.C., Toral-Granda, M.V., Murillo, J.C., & & Polovina, J. (2005). Population dynamics of the exploited sea cucumber Isostichopus fuscus in the western Galápagos Islands, Ecuador. Fisheries Oceanography, 14(5), 377-385.

Edgar, G.J., Bustamante, R.H., Fariña, J.M., Calvopina, M., Martínez, C., & Toral-Granda, M.V. (2004). Bias in evaluating the effects of marine protected areas: The importance of baseline data for the Galapagos Marine Reserve. Environmental Conservation, 31, 212-218.

Okey, T.A., Banks, S., Born, A.F., Bustamante, R.H., Calvopiña, M., Edgar, G.J., Espinoza, E., Fariña, J.M., Garske, L.E., Reck, G.K., Salazar, S., Shepherd, S., Toral-Granda, V., & Wallem, P. (2004). A trophic model of a Galápagos subtidal rocky reef for evaluating fisheries and conservation strategies. Ecological Modelling, 172, 383-401.

Edgar, G.J., Bustamante, R.H., Fariña, J.M., Calvopiña, M., Martínez, C., & Toral-Granda, M.V. (2004). Bias in evaluating the effects of marine protected areas: the importance of baseline data for the Galápagos Marine Reserve. Environmental Conservation, 31(3), 1-7.

Shepherd, S.A., Martínez, P., Toral-Granda, M.V., & Edgar, G.J. (2004). The Galápagos sea cucumber fishery: management improves as stocks decline. Environmental Conservation, 31(2), 102-110.

Edgar, E., Kerrison, L., Shepherd, S.A., & Toral-Granda, M.V. (2003). Impacts of the Jessica oil spill on intertidal and shallow subtidal plants and animals. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 47, 276-283.

Shepherd, S.A., Toral-Granda, M.V., & Edgar, G.J. (2003). Estimating the abundance of clustered or cryptic marine macro-invertebrates with particular reference to pepinos. Noticias de Galapagos, 62, 36-39.

Conference Proceedings

Toral-Granda, M.V., & Martínez, P.C. (2004). Population density and fishery impacts on the sea cucumber (Isostichopus fuscus) in the Galapagos Marine Reserve. In A. Lovatelli, C. Conand, S. Purcell, S. Uthicke, J.-F. Hamel & A. Mercier (Eds.), Advances in sea cucumber aquaculture and management (pp. 91-100). FAO Technical Paper #463.

Altamirano, M., Toral-Granda, M.V., & Cruz, E. (2004). The application of the adaptive principle to the management and conservation of Isostichopus fuscus in the Galápagos Marine Reserve. In A. Lovatelli, C. Conand, S. Purcell, S. Uthicke, J.-F. Hamel & A. Mercier (eds.), Advances in sea cucumber aquaculture and management (pp. 247-258). FAO Technical Paper #463.

Conference Papers & Presentations

TECHNICAL WORKSHOP IUCN Red Listing Assessment Sea Cucumber Workshop held in Cartagena, Colombia in. Colombia. May 2010

TECHNICAL WORKSHOP “Marine Protected Area Governance Workshop”, Mali Lošinj, Croatia. October 2009

Toral-Granda MV. The Galápagos Marine Reserve: one system, many users.

FAO TECHNICAL WORKSHOP “SUSTAINABLE USE AND MANAGEMENT OF SEA CUCUMBER FISHERIES”. Puerto Ayora, Galápagos Islands, Ecuador. November 2007

CITES 14th CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES. Ecuadorian delegate – Marine Species Specialist. The Hague, The Netherlands. Representative of the Government of Ecuador. June 2007

CITES Animal Committee – Ecuadorian delegate. 

Toral-Granda MV. Sea cucumbers: Population status, trade and management options. Lima, Peru. Representative of the Government of Ecuador. June 2006.

INCOFISH Project INTERNATIONAL MEETING “Tourism management in the Galapagos National Park and Marine Reserve”. Bogotá, Colombia. March 2006.

FAO EXPERT CONSULTATION. The Galápagos sea cucumber and CITES. "Implementation Issues Related to Listing Commercially-Exploited Aquatic Species on CITES Appendices". Roma, Italy. May  2004.

Toral-Granda MV, M Altamirano, P Martínez, A Hearn, JC Murillo, M Piu, E Cruz & E Naula. Population density, fishery, management and commerce on Isostichopus fuscus in the Galápagos Marine Reserve. Proceedings on the Conservation of sea cucumbers in the families Holothuriidae and Stichopodidae. CITES. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Representative of the Government of Ecuador. March 2004.

FAO-Advances in Sea Cucumber Aquaculture and Management (ASCAM) INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP. Dalian, China. October 2003.

Toral-Granda MV, Martínez C, Edgar GJ & C Valle. Is the Galápagos slipper lobster overexploited? Piecing together its life history. Melbourne, Australia. June 2001. Fifth International Crustacean Conference

Research Reports

Parra, M,. Jiménez, J., & Toral, V. (2015). Evaluation of the incidence of boats impacting green turtles (Chelonia mydas) along the southern coast of Isabela, Galapagos. Pp. 95-102. In: Galapagos Report 2013-2014. GNPD, GCREG, CDF and GC. Puerto Ayora, Galapagos, Ecuador.

Oresanz, J.M., Cinti, A., Parma, A., Burotto, L., Espinoza-Guerrero, S., Sosa-Cordero, E., Sepúlveda, C., &  Toral-Granda, M.V. (2013). Part I: Latin-American Rights-Based Fisheries Targeting Sedentary Resources. In J.M. Oresanz & J.C. Seijo (eds.), Rights-based Management in Latin American fisheries. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper. Rome, Italy.

Toral-Granda, M.V., Hearn, A., Henderson, S., & Jones, P.J.S. (2011). Galapagos Marine Reserve – governance analysis. In: Jones PJS, W Qiu and EM De Santo (Eds). Governing Marine Protected Areas: getting the balance right – Volume 2. Technical Report to Marine & Coastal Ecosystems Branch, UNEP, Nairobi. 97-104. 

Toral-Granda, M.V. (2008). Galapagos Islands: a hotspot of sea cucumber fisheries in Mexico, Central and South America. In: Toral-Granda MV, Lovatelli A & Vasconcellos M (eds). Sea cucumbers. A global review on fisheries and trade. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper. No. 516. Rome: FAO. 231-253.

Toral-Granda, M.V. (2008). Population status, fisheries and trade of sea cucumbers in Mexico, Central and South America. In: Toral-Granda MV, Lovatelli A & Vasconcellos M (eds). Sea cucumbers. A global review on fisheries and trade. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper. No. 516. Rome: FAO. 213-229. 

Toral-Granda, M.V., Altamirano, M., & Piu, M. (2006). The sea cucumber Isostichopus fuscus in the Galápagos Islands. In A. Bruckner (ed.), The Proceedings of the Technical workshop on the conservation of sea cucumbers in the families Holothuridae and Stichopodidae. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-OPR 44, Silver Spring, MD.

Toral-Granda M.V. (2000). Espinoza E, Hearn A & C Martínez. 2002. Langostas espinosas. In: E. Danulat & G. Edgar (eds.). Reserva Marina de Galápagos, Línea Base de la Biodiversidad. pp 199-221. Fundación Charles Darwin y Servicio Parque Nacional Galápagos, Santa Cruz, Galápagos, Ecuador

Martínez, C., Toral-Granda, M.V., & Edgar, G. (2002). Langostino. In: E. Danulat & G. Edgar (eds.). Reserva Marina de Galápagos, Línea Base de la Biodiversidad. pp 222-237. Fundación Charles Darwin y Servicio Parque Nacional Galápagos, Santa Cruz, Galápagos, Ecuador.

Murillo, J.C., Martínez, P., Toral-Granda, M.V., & Hearn, A. (2002). Pepino de Mar. In: E. Danulat & G. Edgar (eds.). Reserva Marina de Galápagos, Línea Base de la Biodiversidad. pp 176-197. Fundación Charles Darwin y Servicio Parque Nacional Galápagos, Santa Cruz, Galápagos, Ecuador.

Nicolaides, F., Murillo, J.C., Toral-Granda, M.V., & Reck, G. (2002). Bacalao. In: E. Danulat & G. Edgar (eds.). Reserva Marina de Galápagos, Línea Base de la Biodiversidad. pp 146-161. Fundación Charles Darwin y Servicio Parque Nacional Galápagos, Santa Cruz, Galápagos, Ecuador.

Espinoza, E., Murillo, J.C., Toral-Granda, M.V., Bustamante, R.H., Nicolaides, F., Edgar, G.J., Moreno, J., Chasiluisa, C., Yépez, M., Barreno, J.C., Shepherd, S.A., Viscaíno, J., Villalta, M., Andrade, R., Born, A.F., Figueroa, L., Guerrero, P., & Piu, M. (2001). La pesca en Galápagos: Comparaciones de las capturas entre 1997-2000. Informe Galápagos 2000-2001. WWF-Fundación Natura. Quito. Pp. 55-64 

Toral-Granda, M.V., Bustamante, R.H., Murillo, J.C., Espinoza, E., Nicolaides, F., Martínez, P.C., Cedeño, I., Ruttenberg, B., Moreno, J., Chasiluisa, C., Torres, S., Yépez, M., Barreno, J.C., Andrade, R., Figueroa, L., & Piu, M. (2000). La pesca artesanal en Galápagos, 1999-2000 Informe Galápagos 1999-2000. Fundación Natura y el Fondo Mundial para la Naturaleza (WWF). Pp: 53-61.

Toral-Granda, M.V., Moloney, C.L., Harris, J.M., & Mann, B.Q. (1999). Ecosystem impacts of the KwaZulu-Natal Reef Fishery, South Africa: an exploratory model. In: Ecosystem Approaches for Fisheries Management. University of Alaska Sea Grant, AK-SG-99-01, Fairbanks.

Bustamante, R.H., Espinoza, E., Nicolaides, F., Murillo, F.C., Chasiluisa, C., Ruttemberg, B., Andrade, R., Torres, S., Toral-Granda, M.V., Barreno, J., & Piu, M. (1999). La pesca en Galápagos: Un resumen de los principales indicadores de la actividad realizada durante 1998. En: Informe Galápagos 1998/1999. Fundación Natura y Fondo Mundial para la Naturaleza (WWF). Pp: 43-49.

M. Veronica Toral-Granda

Contacts

T: +61 8 8946 6378
E: veronica.toral-granda@cdu.edu.au

Darwin, NT