Associate Professor Pascal Tremblay

Ph.D. (Economics), M.A. (Economics), B.Bus (Tourism)

Associate Professor in Northern Australian Development

Pascal is an economist undertaking research connected to Northern Australia’s development. He has been in the Northern Territory for nearly 30 years starting at the former Northern Territory University and lecturing in economics and later tourism and hospitality. He had previously taught at the University of Tasmania, the University of British Columbia and the Université du Québec à Montréal. His Ph.D. dissertation (University of Melbourne, 1998) examined the nature of economic coordination in the tourism system, and the role played by distinct inter-firm networks supporting differentiated learning strategies. It was awarded the TTRA W.B. Keeling tourism dissertation award for 1996-1998.

He became Chair of Tourism (within NTU and subsequently CDU) from 2002 until 2010, during which the Tourism Research Group was established from which a vibrant tourism research agenda grew, focused on Northern and Central Australia. Tourism research which he headed at that time covered the areas of strategic destination positioning, the use of wildlife (and crocodiles) as tourism attractions, inter-firm collaboration strategies for remote tourism regions, the economic value of parks and other natural/ cultural assets through tourism, and various aspects of Indigenous Tourism development. Most of these grew out of partnerships with a number of CRCs, direct tourism industry involvement, Tourism NT and other NTG departments.

From 2010-2014, he has been employed by the Department of Education in the Northern Territory Government as Senior Manager for Research and Evaluation leading the development of the school education research  management process and undertaking a number of internal evaluations. He  was active as a private consultant undertaking mainly assessments of large-scale programs and evaluation projects undertaken for various agencies involving the Australian and NT government, NGOs and national advocacy groups.

As an economist within the Northern Institute, his current research interests relate to the themes of northern economic expansion and regional inclusion; focusing on the development of economic institutions and business models beneficial to the expansion of economic capabilities (conventional skills and entrepreneurial competencies) in north Australia, with a specific interest around economic inclusions of people living in remote regions. From a disciplinary perspective, he has a specific interest in capabilities-based, evolutionary, cognitive-Austrian and institutional approaches to economic development.

Research Interests

  • Application of the theory of economic capabilities to Northern Development 
  • The influence of alternative business models on regional innovation and the acquisition of economic capabilities in Northern Australia
  • Consultancies linked to applied sectoral economics (transport, health, education, infrastructure, workforce development)
  • Application of marketplace literacy research to remote Indigenous contexts, extending to consumer and financial capabilities
  • Regional Economic Development and Geography themes pertinent to Northern Australia
  • Tourism and arts markets in Northern Australia

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Research Projects

Current Projects

Developing consumer capabilities in and around remote communities

To assess and design institutions enhancing Indigenous and other remote residents’ marketplace literacy,  to enable greater financial and economic inclusion in the mix-mainstream economy

Does public sector innovation in remote regions lead to crowding out?

To evaluate the institutional mix most likely to optimize the retention of capabilities in northern Australia 

Wild rice Indigenous enterprises 

Assessing business models and industry attributes appropriate effective in enhancing economic capabilities in remote regions

Investigating young jobseekers in regions concurrently facing high skills shortages

To understand the motivations and strategies of young jobseekers, and attitudes towards seasonal (harvest labour) and casual work (hospitality)

Publications & Resources

Journal Articles

McAllister, R.R.J., Holcombe, S., Davies, J., Cleary, J., Boyle, A., Tremblay, P., et al. (2011). Desert networks: A conceptual model for the impact of scarce, variable and patchy resources. Journal of Arid Environments, 75, 164–173. doi: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2010.09.009.

Schmallegger, D., Carson, D., & Tremblay, P. (2010). The Economic Geography of Remote Tourism: The Problem of Connection-Seeking. Tourism Analysis, 15(1), 125-137. doi: 10.3727/108354210X12724734537551.

Turton, S., Dickson, T., Wade, H., Jorgensen, B., Pham, T., Simmons, D., Tremblay, P., & Wilson, R. (2010). Developing an approach for tourism climate change assessment: Evidence from contrasting four Australian case studies. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 18(3), 429-447. doi: 10.1080/09669581003639814.

Tremblay, P. (2008). Protected areas and development in arid Australia - Challenges to regional tourism. The Rangeland Journal, 30, 67-75. doi: 10.1071/RJ07050.

Tremblay, P., Pearson, D.M., & Gorman, J.T. (2008). Destination planning and the sustainability of wildlife tourism resources: Ongoing challenges for knowledge integration. Tourism and Hospitality Planning & Development, 5(3), 257-276. doi: 10.1080/14790530802550492.

Tremblay, P. (2004). Learning and strategic innovation in tourism management.  Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, 2(1), 17-32.

Conference Proceedings & Papers

Tremblay, P.(2012). The role, economic importance and limits of Indigenous tourism.Invited keynote presentation at the Inaugural Pacific Asia Indigenous Tourism Conference, 28-30 March 2012, Darwin, NT.

Stevens, R., Liyanage, S., Warne, C., & Tremblay, P. (2012). It's not that hard but it can't be too easy: Conducting quality educational research in Australian schools, presented at the Joint AARE/APERA Conference, 2-6 December 2012, Sydney, Australia.

Tremblay, P. (2010). The limits to inter-business collaboration in remote tourism regions: The implications of a case study in Northern Australia.  In M. Wells, A. Dunn & D. Reiser (Eds.), Challenge the limits, Proceedings of CAUTHE 2010, 8 – 11 February 2010. Hobart: University of Tasmania.

Tremblay, P. (2010). Integrating tourism and climate knowledge for destination adaptation: Challenges in the identification of knowledge gaps at the regional level.  In M. Wells, A. Dunn & D. Reiser (Eds.), Challenge the limits, Proceedings of CAUTHE 2010, 8 – 11 February 2010. Hobart: University of Tasmania.

Wegner, A., Allison, H., & Tremblay, P. (2009). Dealing with Complexity in Tourism Settings: the Applicability of the 'Resilient Futures Process' to the Management of Tourism Resources. CAUTHE 2009: See Change: Tourism & Hospitality in a Dynamic World. 10 – 13 February 2009, Fremantle.

Research Reports

Tremblay, P., & Boyle, A. (2019). Improving the contribution of major projects to local employment in remote regions. The Regional Australia Institute.

Tremblay, P., & Boyle, A. (2018). Literature Review on Public Procurement: Theories, evidence and implications for regional Australia. The Regional Australia Institute.

Tremblay, P., & Boyle, A. (2016). Engaging young jobseekers in seasonal/casual work. Department of Employment, Australia Government.

Tremblay, P., & Boyle, A. (2016). Understanding contract/seasonal employment potential in regions with high youth unemployment: Testing a dedicated investigative tool. Department of Employment, Australia Government.

Boyle, A., Tremblay, P., Golebiowska, K., & Harrison, M. (2016). International student experience of employment in the Northern Territory. Northern Territory International Education and Training Hub, Department of Education, NTG.

Golebiowska, K., Boyle, A., Tremblay, P., & Harrison, M. (2016). Multicultural community organizations interactions with international education and training in the Northern Territory. Northern Territory International Education and Training Hub, Department of Education, NTG.

Tremblay, P., & Boyle, A. (2015). The road to participation – Economic and social benefits of the proposed Arnhem link. Margetic & Sitzler Consolidated Holdings Pth Ltd Subsidiary.

Tremblay, P., & Boyle, A. (2014). Meta-contribution analysis and timeline of the FHF Indigenous Australia Program 1999-2014. FHF.

Tremblay, P. (2012). Feasibility of Visitor Accommodation in Territory Growth Towns – Milingimbi case study. Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations (DEEWR), Economic Development and Business Panel.

Tremblay, P. (2012). Feasibility of Visitor Accommodation in Territory Growth Towns – Galiwinku case study. Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations (DEEWR), Economic Development and Business Panel.

Tremblay, P. (2011). Evaluation of the Galiwinku Financial and Commercial Literacy Pilot project. Department of Business and Employment (NT), Darwin, July –Oct. 2011.

Tremblay, P., & Boyle, A. (2011). Investigation and development of business models for remote visitor accommodation in Northern Territory Growth Towns. Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations (DEEWR), Economic Development and Business Panel.

Tremblay, P. (2010). The contribution of tourism towards Aboriginal economic development: A capabilities-based perspective. Sustainable Tourism Cooperative Research Centre, Gold Coast.

Tremblay, P. (2010). Financial and Commercial Literacy Survey – Tool development and Ngukurr case study. Department of Business and Employment (NT).

Tremblay, P., &  Wegner, A. (2009).  Indigenous/Aboriginal tourism research in Australia (2000–2008): Industry lessons and future research needs. Sustainable Tourism Cooperative Research Centre, Gold Coast.

Tremblay, P., & Boustead, A. (2009).  Climate change and tourism - Kakadu National Park case study. Sustainable Tourism Cooperative Research Centre,  Gold Coast, 16-55.

Tremblay, P., & Wegner, A. (2009).  The costs and implications of inter-firm tourism collaboration in remote area tourism. Sustainable Tourism Cooperative Research Centre, Gold Coast.

Tremblay, P. (2007). Economic Contribution of Kakadu National Park to Tourism in the Northern Territory. Darwin: CRC for Sustainable Tourism.

Higher Degree by Research (HDR) Supervision

Current Supervision

Rens Van der Vegt (PhD): Can risk governance be improved through public engagement? A case study of the Australia Pacific LNG Project in Gladstone Harbour.

Matt Willis (PhD): Planning for a C change: Using realist synthesis to determine methods for controlling the effects of volatile contexts in the evaluation of criminal justice programs.

Ilonka Guse (PhD): What work related factors have an influence on the decision of older employees in the NT Public Service to continue working past retirement age?

Christine Tarbett-Buckley (PhD): A Comparative Study of Policy and Systems for Cultural Heritage Management

Pascal Tremblay


T: +61 8 8946 7256

Darwin, NT

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