Professor Ridwanul Hoque

PhD (London), LLM (Cambridge), LLM (Chittagong)

University Fellow

Ridwanul Hoque is a Professor of Law at the University of Dhaka. He was educated at London, Cambridge, and Chittagong. He was an Endeavour Fellow (2015) in the Centre for Comparative Constitutional Studies at Melbourne Law School and a Fulbright Fellow at Cornell Law School (2013). He has also held visiting research and teaching positions at La Trobe University Law School and National Law University, Delhi. Professor Hoque is a leading scholar of South Asian constitutional law, specializing in comparative constitutional law and theory. He has special interest in ‘inclusive constitutionalism’ including indigenous constitutional inclusion. He has written a much-acclaimed book –Judicial Activism in Bangladesh: A Golden Mean Approach (Cambridge Scholars, 2011) –and over thirty articles in prestigious law journals and edited volumes. He has provided several expert reports for the UK, USA, and Australian courts on different Bangladeshi law questions, prominently the law of citizenship. Professor Hoque has been widely consulted by government ministries and international organisations on a wide range of issues relating to human trafficking, child rights, women’s rights, and international labour migration. He has just concluded a major project on the protection of Rohingya refugees from human trafficking.

Research Interests

  • Comparative constitutional law and theory
  • South Asian constitutional law
  • Judiciary and judicial agency/activism
  • Inclusive constitutionalism and indigenous constitutional inclusion
  • Statelessness and citizenship
  • Rohingya refugee protection
  • Human rights of vulnerable groups
  • Human trafficking and migration
  • Law of compensation (Torts)
  • Domestic application of international law

Current Projects 

  • Constitutional Foundings in South Asia, a book project to be jointly edited with Kevin Tan (Centre for Asian Legal Studies, National University of Singapore)
  • Legal regime of Rohingya refugee protection in Bangladesh (a Refugee Solidarity Network project)
  • Citizenship-deprivation as an anti-terrorism tool in Australia and the United Kingdom (a law journal article in progress)
  • Judicial review of original constitutions (a joint article with Richard Albert & Yaniv Roznai)
  • Civil (tort) remedies for sexual harassment in South Asia (a law journal article in progress)
  • A critical review of the Northern Territory Native Title Compensation decision (Griffith v N.T.) of the Australian High Court (work just initiated)

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Publications & Resources


Hoque, R. (2011). Judicial activism in Bangladesh: A golden mean approach. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, April 2011.

Book Chapter

Hoque, R. (2018). “Eternal provisions in the Constitution of Bangladesh: A Constitution once and for all?”, in An Unconstitutional Constitution?:
Unamendability in Constitutional Democracies, edited by Richard Albert and Bertil Emrah Oder. Springer; 195-229.

Hoque, R. (2018). “Bangladesh”, in Nationality Law in the Eastern Hemisphere: Acquisition and Loss of Citizenship in Asian Perspective (edited by Olivier Vonk, Wolf Legal Publishers, Oisterwijk, the Netherlands), pp. 55-90.

Hoque, R. (2018). “Rule of Law in Bangladesh: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly?”, in Chowdhury Ishrak A. Siddiky (ed.), The Rule of Law in Developing Countries: The Case of Bangladesh. London: Routledge, pp. 18-59.

Hoque, R. (2018). “Inclusivity role of the judiciary in Bangladesh”, in Nizam Ahmed (ed.), Inclusive Governance in South Asia: Parliament, Judiciary, and Civil Service. (Palgrave Macmillan), pp. 99-122.

Hoque, R. (2017). “Inclusive Constitutionalism and the indigenous people of the Chittagong Hill Tracts in Bangladesh”, The Indian Yearbook of Comparative Law 2016 (New Delhi: Oxford University Press), pp. 217-248.

Hoque, R. (2015). ‘Judicialization of Politics in Bangladesh: Pragmatism, Legitimacy, and Consequences’, in Mark Tushnet and Madhav Khosla (eds.), Unstable Constitutionalism: Law and Politics in South Asia, New York: Cambridge University Press, Chapter 9, 261-290.

Hoque, R. (2015). ‘Courts and the Adjudication System in Bangladesh: In Quest of Viable Reforms’, in J. Yeh and Wen-Chen Chang (eds.), Asian Courts in Context, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, Chapter 13, 447-486.

Hoque, R. (2012). ‘Constitutionalism and the judiciary in Bangladesh’, in S. Khilnani, V. Raghavan & A. Thiruvengadam (eds.), Comparative constitutionalism in South Asia, New Delhi: Oxford University Press, pp. 303-340.

Journal Articles

Hoque, R. (2018). “Implicit Unamendability in South Asia: The Core of the Case for the Basic-structure Doctrine”, 3 Indian J. of Con. & Admin. Law, pp. 23-34, available at:;

Hoque, R. (2017). “Judicial review of state contracts: Piercing the narrow divide between ‘pure and simple’ and ‘statutory or sovereign’ contracts”, 28 Dhaka University Journal of Law, 35-54.

Hoque, R. (2016). “Can the Court invalidate an original provision of the Constitution?”, 2(1) Univ. of Asia Pacific Journal of Law and Policy, pp. 13-27.

Hoque, R. (2016). “War crimes trial in Bangladesh: Revisiting the issue of international standards of fair trial”, 17(1) Australian Journal of Asian Law, pp. 1-19,

Hoque, R. (2012). “Gender and the legal profession in Bangladesh: achievements and challenges”, No. 3, Special Issue, (Nordic) Journal of Law and Social Research,[1] pp. 45-64. (Published from Copenhagen).

Hoque, R. (2010a). “Public procurement law in Bangladesh: From bureaucratisation to accountability”, Vol. 3 (3), National University of Juridical Science Law Review, pp. 281-97. (Published in India).

Hoque, R. (2010b). “Bangladesh’s experience with judicial activism”, Vol. 30, South Asian Journal, pp. 25-43. (Pakistan).

Hoque, R. (2009a). “Public law compensation in Bangladesh: Looking within and beyond”, Vol. 1 (2), Journal of Law and Development, pp. 1-24.

Hoque, R. (2009b). “The recent emergency and the politics of the judiciary in Bangladesh”, Vol. 2(2), National University of Juridical Science Law Review, pp. 183-204. (UGC Award winning article). (Published in India).

Hoque, R. (2007a).Elimination of the worst forms of child labour through law in Bangladesh: A critique”, Vol. 18 (2), Dhaka University Law Journal, pp. 187-202.

Hoque, R. (2007b). “Criminal law and the Constitution: The relationship revisited”, Special Issue (Nov 2007), Bangladesh Journal of Law, pp. 45-78.

Hoque, R., & Khan, M.M. (2007) ‘Judicial Activism and Islamic Family Law: A Socio-legal Evaluation of Recent Trends in Bangladesh’, Islamic Law and Society, 14(2): 204–39.

Hoque, R. (2007d). “Judicial agency to achieve good governance in Bangladesh: An analysis”, Vol. 18 (1), Dhaka University Law Journal, pp. 91-108.

Hoque, R. (2007e). “The UNCLOS and conservation of marine living resources within national jurisdictions: Bangladesh perspectives”, Vol. 2 (1-2), Asian Journal of International Law, pp. 165-179 (co-authored).

Hoque, R. (2006a). “Taking justice seriously: Judicial public interest and constitutional activism in Bangladesh”, Vol. 15 (4) Contemporary South Asia, pp. 399-422.

Hoque, R. (2006b). “The judicial invocation of international human rights law in Bangladesh: Questing a better approach”, Vol. 46 (2), Indian Journal of International Law, pp. 151-84 (co-authored; award winning article).

Conference Proceedings/Papers/Presentations

Hoque, R. (2016). ‘Constitutional Amendment in Bangladesh: Legislative, Judicial, and (Not) Popular’. Paper presented at the Gilbert+Tobin Centre of Public Law Workshop on Comparative Constitutional Amendments. UNSW Law School, Sydney, Australia.

Hoque, R. (2016). ‘Factory Collapse in Bangladesh and Extra-Territorial Tort Action: Reflections on the Delaware Superior Court’s Recent Opinion in Rahaman V. J.C. Penny et al’. Paper presented at the La Trobe Law School Staff Seminar Series, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.

Hoque, R. (2016). ‘The inclusivity role of the judiciary in Bangladesh’, a paper read in the International Seminar on Inclusive Governance in South Asia, Dhaka, 8 –9 May 2016, organised by the Public Administration and Governance Research Network.

Hoque, R. (2015). Workshop on unamendable constitutional provisions, presented a paper on Bangladesh, organised by Koç University Law School & Boston College Law School, held at Koç University, Istanbul, June 9, 2015.

Hoque, R. (2015). ‘Judicialization of politics in Bangladesh: Judicial Meddling in Politics or ‘Upholding the Law?’, a paper given at the La Trobe University International Seminar on A Conversation about Judicial Power in Comparative Perspective, 17 March 2015, Melbourne, Australia

Hoque, R. (2014). ‘Judicial Intervention in Politics’, a Lecture as a Berger International Speaker in the Cornell Law School, New York, USA.

Hoque, R. (2013). Presented a talk on ‘The use of comparative law by the Supreme Court of Bangladesh’, at Melbourne Law School, University of Melbourne.

Hoque, R. (2012). ‘Judicial system and adjudication in Bangladesh’,  a paper read at a conference on Asian Courts in Context, National Taiwan University, 23-24 March 2012, Taiwan.  

Research/Technical Reports

Hoque, R. (2018). “Bangladesh: The State of Liberal Democracy”, in Albert, R., Landau, D., Faraguna, P. and Drugda, S. (eds.), The I·CONnect-Clough Center 2017 Global Review of Constitutional Law. Boston: The Clough Center for the Study of Constitutional Democracy, 28-32 (co-authored): SSRN:

Hoque, R. (2017). “Developments in Bangladeshi constitutional law”, in Richard Albert et al. (eds.), 2016 Global Review of Constitutional Law. Boston: The Clough Center for the Study of Constitutional Democracy (co-authored), 17-21:

Hoque, R. (2016). “Report on Citizenship Law: Bangladesh”. European Union Citizenship Observatory Country Report 2016/14, Dec. 2016. EUI, Florence: Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies:

Hoque, R. (2013). State Practice of Bangladesh in the Field of International Law, 19 (2013) Asian Yearbook of International Law (published in 2018).

Hoque, R. (2012). State Practice of Bangladesh in the Field of International Law, in: 18 (2012) Asian Yearbook of International Law (pp. 212-220; 228-231; 239-250; and 323-327).

Professional Positions, Memberships, Awards & Media Coverage

Professional Positions & Memberships

  • Endeavour Fellow, CCCS, Melbourne Law School (2015)
  • Fulbright Scholar, Cornell Law School (2013-2014)
  • Member, Asian Constitutional Law Association
  • Recipient of Bangladesh Grants Commission Awards (2006, 2009)
  • Member, International Advisory Board, South Asia Research
  • Member, International Editorial Board, Asian Journal of Law and Policy

Radio, TV, News Paper & Web Interviews

Dr Ridwanul Hoque


University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh