Dr Mal Flack

Lecturer in Psychology

Mal Flack is Lecture in Psychology at Charles Darwin University. Mal developed an innovative gambling expectancies model to examine gambling behaviour. Of particular interest to my research was whether the perceived emotional benefits from gambling could be differentiated from the expected financial outcomes (i.e., winning money). More generally, my research interests are in the way individual differences, personal beliefs, and social influences can be used to explain some of the complexities in understanding human behaviour.

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Journal Articles

  • Flack, M., & Morris, M. (submitted). Changing My Mind: The Temporal Relationship between Gambling Related Beliefs and Gambling Frequency.
  • Flack, M., & Morris, M. (2015b). The Temporal Stability and Predictive Ability of the Gambling Outcome Expectancies Scale (GOES): A Prospective Study. Journal of Gambling Studies, 1-11. doi: 10.1007/s10899-015-9581-7
  • Flack, M., & Morris, M. (2015a). Gambling-Related Beliefs and Gambling Behaviour: Explaining Gambling Problems with the Theory of Planned Behaviour. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 1-13. doi: 10.1007/s11469-015-9611-9
  • Flack, M., & Morris, M. (2014). Problem Gambling: One for the Money…? Journal of Gambling Studies, 1-18. doi: 10.1007/s10899-014-9484-z
  • Silburn, J., Flack, M., Bridgeman, S., & Warwick, R. (2012). Embedded academic language and learning support via an e-learning tool. Journal of Academic Language and Learning, 6(3), 36-47.

Unpublished reports

Tyler, B., Rolls, N., Bridgeman, S., & Flack, M. (2011). Common Unit Monitoring Project: Monitoring student progress and assessing the success of the Common Unit Program 2008 – 2010. Darwin: CDU.

Conference presentations


  • Flack, M. (2012). The predictive versus the explanatory utility of gambling outcome expectancies. Conference proceedings at the National Associations for Gambling Studies 22nd Annual Conference, Launceston, Tasmania, November 2012.
  • Flack, M. (2011). Gambling: The money or “your life”? Conference proceeding at the Australian Psychological Society 46th Annual Conference, Canberra, October 2011.
  • Flack, M. (2009). Why we pay for ‘chance’ to win: motivations to gamble and gambling behaviour. Conference proceeding at the Energising New Researchers in Gambling, Inaugural Conference. Monash university conference centre, Melbourne, Victoria, October 2009.
  • Flack, M. (2008). Anticipated outcomes and gambling behaviour. Conference proceedings at the National Associations for Gambling Studies 18th Annual Conference, Adelaide, South Australia, November 2008.


  • Flack, M. (2010). What gamblers want? Differentiating gambling motivations and behaviour. Conference proceeding at the 8th European Association for the Study of Gambling, Vienna, Austria, September 2010.
  • Flack, M (2010). Exploring gambling beliefs: the money, the buzz and control. Conference proceedings at the 3rd Asian Psychological Association Conference, Darwin, Northern Territory, July 2010.
  • Flack, M. (2006). The role of attitudes, social norms and perceived behavioural control in gambling behaviour. Poster presented at the Australian Psychological Society 41st Annual Conference, Auckland, New Zealand, October 2006.
Dr Mal Flack


T: 08 8946 6809
E: malcolm.flack@cdu.edu.au