Animal Ethics and Welfare Resources

Welcome to the animal ethics and welfare resources homepage. This page provides relevant resources for research and teaching projects that involve animals.

Standard Operating Procedure (SOP)

SOPs listed on this website have been approved by the CDU animal ethics committee, and are authorised for use as references for animal ethics applications.

Last Reviewed Date: July 2016

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General SOP

Research Institute for the Environment and Livelihoods SOP


  1. RIEL SOP01.2016 Ear tagging of agile wallabies (under review)
  2. RIEL SOP02.2016 Darting and trapping of agile wallabies (under review)
  3. RIEL SOP03.2016 Surgical implantation of telemetric transmitters into teleost fish (PDF 951KB)
  4. RIEL SOP04.2016 Protocols for surveying and tagging sawfishes and river sharks (PDF 2.6MB)

External organisations SOP

National Codes of Practice and Guidelines

National Code of Practices and Guidelines

  1. Australian code for the care and use of animals for scientific purposes 2013 (PDF 528KB)

  2. Guidelines to promote the wellbeing of animals used for scientific purpose - The assessment and alleviation of pain and distress in research animals (PDF 1.32MB)

  3. A guide to the care and use of Australian native mammals in research and teaching 2014 (PDF 1.6MB)

  1. Code of practice on the humane treatment of wild and farmed Australian crocodiles (PDF 174KB)

  2. National code of practice for the humane shooting of kangaroos and wallabies for non-commercial purposes (PDF 267KB)

  3. A guide for the use of remote cameras for wildlife survey in northern Australia (PDF 3.66MB)

  4. Guidelines for turtle watching in the Northern Territory (PDF 385KB)

  5. Guidelines for minimising disease risks associated with captive breeding, raising and restocking programs for Australian frogs

  6. Australian Bird & Bat Banding Scheme - Guidelines for Banders

  7. Aquatic Animal Welfare Guidelines - Guidelines on welfare of fish and crustaceans in aquaculture and/or in live holding systems for human consumption

Best Practice Cattle, Welfare, and Land Management

  1. This links to the Department of Primary Industry and Fisheries site for Best Practice Cattle and Land Management in the Katherine and Top End region.

    Information on this site includes cattle husbandry, health and nutrition. As well as management practices such as Dehorning and Castration of calves.

  2. The Australian Animal Welfare Standards and Guidelines for Cattle have been agreed by State and Territory Government and are regulated into law by most State and Territory Governements.

    In the Northern Territory, the Cattle and Sheep welfare Standards will be adopted under the Livestock Regulations in 2016. Compliance and enforcement activity will be undertaken by Department of Primary Industry and Fisheries Veterinary Officers, Livestock Biosecurity Officers and Animal Welfare Inspectors

  3. A guide to best practice husbandry in beef cattle - Branding, Castrating and Dehorning (PDF 2.8Mb)  (Meat and Livestock Australia 2007)

  4. A national guide to describing and managing beef cattle in low body condition (PDF 680KB) (Meat and Livestock Australia 2013)

Humane capture, handling or destruction of feral animals in Australia

  1. Model Codes of Practice (COPs) and Standard Operating procedures (SOPs) for the humane control of key pest animal species
  2. Methods for the field euthanasia of cane toads (Under Review)

Veterinary Drug Resources

Anaesthetic and Sedative Drugs

  1. Estimated Drug Prices (PDF 100kb)

Fish anaesthesia and euthanasia

CDU Animal Ethics Committee recommends the use of the commercially registered product AQUI-S for the anaesthesia and euthanasia of fish. The use of clove oil or benzocaine is not recommended by the AEC as it does not allow for accurate dosing. Eugenol present in clove oil is also a potential carcinogen.

More information and purchase of AQUI-S can be accessed through this website.

Whenever possible, a secondary euthanasia method should be employed after AQUI-S euthanasia to ensure fish death. This includes methods such as Iki Jime