PhD Candidates complete a research project, usually over 3 to 4 years. During this time, they must also complete
> additional training around research integrity, research methods, communication, personal development, and career development
> a research proposal and oral presentation to confirm their candidature
> a second oral presentation midway through their candidature
> a third oral presentation towards the end of their candidature
> a thesis, usually comprising 60,000 to 100,000 words
Instead of a thesis, some candidates may complete a creative output, such as a film, novel, or exhibition, as well as an exegesis or explanation of this work, usually comprising 30,000 to 50,000 words.